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Stitchbird or Hihi, Notiomystis cincta

The Stitchbird or Hihi (Notiomystis cincta) is a rare honeyeater-like bird endemic to the North Island and adjacent offshore islands of New Zealand. It became extirpated everywhere except Little Barrier Island but has been reintroduced to three other island sanctuaries and two locations on the North Island mainland.

Its evolutionary relationships have long puzzled ornithologists, but it is now classed as the only member of its own family, the Notiomystidae.

Reintroduction to mainland
In 2005, 60 Stitchbirds were released in the Karori Wildlife Sanctuary near Wellington and in October that year, three Stitchbird chicks hatched there, the first time for more than 120 years that a Stitchbird chick had been born on mainland New Zealand. The hatchings were described as a significant conservation milestone by sanctuary staff who were hoping further chicks would be born there.

In (local) autumn 2007, 59 adult birds from the Tiritiri Matangi population were released in Cascade Kauri Park, in the Waitakere Ranges near Auckland and by the end of the year the first chicks had fledged there.

Stitchbird or Hihi, Notiomystis cincta
Stitchbird or Hihi, Notiomystis cincta
Range map from - Ornithological Portal is one of those MUST visit pages if you're in to bird watching. You can find just about everything there

Stitchbird or Hihi, Notiomystis cincta
A distribution map showing locations where Stitchbirds either
naturally occur or have been successfully translocated to.
By Air55 - This file was derived from: Map of New Zealand (blank).svg by User:Antigoni.
Distribution info from:,
CC BY-SA 4.0,

Taxonomy and systematics
The Stitchbird was originally described as a member of the primarily Australian and New Guinean honeyeater family Meliphagidae. It had remained classified as such until recently. Genetic analysis shows that it is not closely related to the honeyeaters and their allies and that its closest living relatives are within the endemic New Zealand Callaeidae. In 2007 a new passerine family was erected to contain the Stitchbird, the Notiomystidae.

The Stitchbird is a small honeyeater-like bird. Males have a dark velvety cap and short white ear-tufts, which can be raised somewhat away from the head. A yellow band across the chest separates the black head from the rest of the body, which is grey.

Females and juveniles are duller than males, lacking the black head and yellow chest band. The bill is rather thin and somewhat curved, and the tongue is long with a brush at the end for collecting nectar. Thin whiskers project out and slightly forward from the base of the bill.

Stitchbirds are very active and call frequently. Their most common call, a tzit tzit sound, is believed to be the source of their common name, as Buller noted that it "has a fanciful resemblance to the word stitch". They also have a high-pitched whistle and an alarm call which is a nasal pek like a bellbird.

Males give a piercing three-note whistle (often heard in spring) and a variety of other calls not given by the female.

Listen to the Stitchbird

Remarks from the Recordist

Natural song from a male perched about 4m up in a gully with fairly tall subtropical forest.

Behavior and ecology
Research has suggested that they face interspecific competition from the Tui and New Zealand Bellbird, and will feed from lower-quality food sources when these species are present. The Stitchbird rarely lands on the ground and seldom visits flowers on the large canopy trees favoured by the Tui and bellbird (this may simply be because of the competition from the more aggressive, larger birds).

Their main food is nectar, but the Stitchbird's diet covers over twenty species of native flowers and thirty species of fruit and many species of introduced plants. Important natural nectar sources are haekaro, matata, puriri, rata and toropapa. Preferred fruits include Coprosma species, five finger, pate, tree fuchsia and raukawa.

The Stitchbird also supplements its diet with small insects.

The Stitchbird nests in holes high up in old trees. They are the only bird species that mates face to face, in comparison to the more conventional copulation style for birds where the male mounts the female's back.

Stitchbird or Hihi, Notiomystis cincta
The extinct North Island subspecies
By Illustrated by John Gerrard Keulemans (1842-1912): Dutch bird illustrator.,
Public Domain,

Status and conservation
The Stitchbird was relatively common early in the European colonisation of New Zealand, and began to decline relatively quickly afterwards, being extinct on the mainland and many offshore islands by 1885. The last sighting on the mainland was in the Tararua Range in the 1880s.

The exact cause of the decline is unknown, but is thought to be pressure from introduced species, especially black rats, and introduced avian diseases.

Only a small population on Little Barrier Island survived. Starting in the 1980s the New Zealand Wildlife Service (now Department of Conservation) translocated numbers of individuals from Hauturu to other island sanctuaries to create separate populations.

These islands were part of New Zealand's network of offshore reserves which have been cleared of introduced species and which protect other rare species including the kakapo and takahe.

The world population is unknown; estimates for the size of the remnant population on Hauturu (Little Barrier Island) range from 600 and 6000 adult birds. There are also translocated populations on Tiritiri Matangi Island, Kapiti Island, Zealandia, Maungatautari and the Waitakere Ranges. Attempts to establish populations on Hen Island, Cuvier Island and Mokoia Island failed.

There is also a captive population at Mount Bruce. The Tiritiri Matangi population is growing slowly but more than half the chicks that hatch there die of starvation due to the lack of mature forest, most of the island having been revegetated only since 1984–1994.

Only the Little Barrier Island population is thought to be stable as of 2007. This species is classified as Vulnerable (D2) by the IUCN[1] because of its very small range and population.

Conservation status
Stitchbird or Hihi, Notiomystis cincta
Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1)
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 19 February 2017.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sighted: 25 October 2017 (Date of first photo that I could use)
Location: Tiritiri Matangi Island

Stitchbird or Hihi, Notiomystis cincta
Stitchbird or Hihi - Notiomystis cincta - Tiritiri Matangi Island - 25 October 2017

Stitchbird or Hihi, Notiomystis cincta
Stitchbird or Hihi - Notiomystis cincta - Tiritiri Matangi Island - 25 October 2017

Stitchbird or Hihi, Notiomystis cincta
Stitchbird or Hihi - Notiomystis cincta - Tiritiri Matangi Island - 25 October 2017

Bird watching

Going bird watching on New Zealand? I have been to a few places but so far New Zealand is outstanding regarding information on the internet. There are two organizations that are sticking New Zealand flagout so far when it comes to information about birds and wildlife/ outdoor living.
Bird information, bird song and maps. Yes, there are excellent trekking maps online so you can plan, or go back after the trek to see where you have been, excellent. I have not been disappointed.

• New Zealand Birds Online

• New Zealand's Department of Conservation Click on “Nature” or just hoover with the mouse over the “Nature”

Many other places I have been to have excellent maps on site, but trying to find them online New Zealand Birds Onlinerendering nothing but disappointments. The New Zealand's Department of Conservation is the ONE STOP ONLY for everything regarding outdoor activities on New Zealand.

New Zealand Birds Online, there is everything you ever wish to know about the birds on New Zealand. Nothing less than fantastic. Click HERE to down load Checklist of the birds of NZ from New Zealand Birds Online web page

One of the best web pages I have ever seen when it comes to birding. All the information you can ever ask for and a ONE STOP for all your needs before going bird watching on New Zealand. Range maps, sounds, information and bird lists, everything you need.

New Zealand Birds Online

Bird watching

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