Helsingør - Coat of arms
Helsingør - Coat of arms

The name Helsingør is derived from the word hals meaning “neck” or “narrow strait”, referring to the narrowest point of the Øresund (Øre Sound) between what is now Helsingør and Helsingborg, Sweden. The people were mentioned as Helsinger (which may mean “the people of the strait”) for the first time in King Valdemar the Victorious's Liber Census Daniæ from 1231.

Place names show that the Helsinger may have had their main fort at Helsingborg and a fortified landing place at Helsingør, to control the ferry route across the strait.

Helsingør with Kronborg
Helsingør with Kronborg and we can see Helsingborg un the upper side of the picture. Picture from the encyclopedia Civitates Orbis Terrarum from 1588
Picture from wikipedia - Click HERE for bigger picture

Kronborg Castle in Helsingør
Kronborg Castle in Helsingør
Picture take through a dirty window on board Aurora Af Helsingborg November 2015

The Danish town Helsingør is situated only 4000m west of Helsingborg. Because of Helsingør's location at the entrance to Öresund it became an important town for trade at the Helsingør mapbeginning of the 11th century. Erik av Pommern ( Eric of Pomerania) was the king over Denmark, Sweden and Norway and the year 1424 the king introduced a transit duty “Öresundstullen” for ships passing trough Öresund.

1430 he started to build the castle Krogen to watch over the traffic in Öresund.

He granted Helsingør's town charter 1426. All the ship passing Öresund had to drop anchor at Helsingør's roads to pay the duty. And when Helsingør travel posterat anchor the ships took the opportunity to buy provision and to repair and maintain the ships on Helsingør roads.

As you understand this created a very good economic environment. The business was flourishing and there was a great economic growth between 1450 and 1650.

Today there are many big and well preserved houses of the old merchant families that give whiteness of this.

Yes, Helsingør is really a beautiful town, just to walk around looking at all the old houses. In Sweden the demolished all the old houses in the 60's. Of course, back in the 60's the new houses was like a dream came through.

Tap water in the apartment, bath room and no need to go out to visit the rest room. How fun that must have been 4 o'clock in the morning when the mercury had dropped to -20°C

Kronborg Castle in Helsingør
Postcard from Helsingør

The old castle Krogen was rebuilt 1574 and 1585 the new castle Kronborg was ready. Kronborg is the setting for Shakespeare's famous play Hamlet.

From Kronborg there is a very good view over Öresund and the ships passing. Passing Öresund back in the days was like walking the red line passing the custom today.

Helsingør's development suffered a setback during the war against Sweden when Denmark lost Skåne. 1709 -1711 the plague hit Helsingør and “Öresundstullen” was abolished 1857 not doing any good for Helsingør's economical successes.

During the years when the Swedish currency was the “Scandinavian fist against the south” the shops in Helsingør made good business. Today the Swedish Scooby Doo money makes it more expensive to go shopping in Denmark.

Train on the DSB ferry terminal in Helsingør

When going with train from Sweden to Copenhagen or Europe before the bridge was built we had to go by the DSB ferries to Helsingør. We could also go with the train ferry from Trelleborg to East Germany (DDR) and then to Berlin. Now there is no railway ferries between Helsingborg and Helsingør anymore.

And there was a small train outside the train station in Helsingø, well, it was the railcar on the Helsingør - Hornbæk - Gilleleje Banen

I remember being a child coming to Helsingør, this train was very fascinating, well, when you're a child all trains are fascinating. But I had never seen a train on the streets before so it was an adventure coming to Helsingør.

Helsingør - Hornbæk - Gilleleje Banen
Helsingør - Hornbæk - Gilleleje Banen
Picture from wikipedia

Helsingør - Hornbæk - Gilleleje Banen
Helsingør - Hornbæk - Gilleleje Banen
Picture from wikipedia

I can only remember going on the train twice, to and from Gilleleje when we went to some summer party drinking beer having a good time.

And if you are interested in the Öresund ferries crossing there is little something about if you click HERE

Helsingør Travel Poster



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