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Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Hydrophasianus chirurgus, นกอีแจว

The Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus) is a jacana in the monotypic genus Hydrophasianus. Jacanas are a group of waders in the family Jacanidae that are identifiable by their wide feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in shallow lakes, their preferred habitat.

The Pheasant-tailed Jacana is capable of swimming, although it usually walks on the vegetation. The females are more colourful than the males and are polyandrous.

Polyandry

noun [MASS NOUN] polygamy in which a woman has more than one husband. Compare with POLYGYNY.

Zoology a pattern of mating in which a female animal has more than one male mate.
ORIGIN late 17th cent.: from POLY- many + Greek aner, andr- ‘male’.


Distribution
The Pheasant-tailed Jacana breeds in India, southeast Asia, and Indonesia. It is sedentary in much of its range, but northern breeders from south China and the Himalayas migrate into peninsular India and southeast Asia.

It is also resident in Taiwan, where it is considered endangered. It has been recorded as a vagrant in Australia. Recently, it is also recorded from Soe Dangochong area at elevation of about 4000 m above mean sea level in Bhutan by one of the Foresters working in Jigme Dorji National Park.

Range map from Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net

Range map from Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
Range map from www.oiseaux.net - Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
www.oiseaux.net is one of those MUST visit pages if you're in to bird watching. You can find just about everything there


Description
This is the only jacana to have a different breeding plumage. The Pheasant-tailed Jacana is conspicuous and unmistakable. It is around 39–58 cm in length, about 25 cm of which is comprised by the pheasant-like tail.

Body mass is reportedly 113–135 g in males and 205–260 g the larger females. The outermost primaries have a spatulate extension of 2 cm and the seventh primary has a broad protrusion.

Breeding adults are mainly black other than white wings, head, and fore neck. The hind neck is golden. There is a striking white eyestripe. The legs and very long toes are grey. Non-breeding adults lack the long tail. The underparts are white except for a brown breast band and neck stripe.

The side of the neck is golden. Young birds have brown upperparts. The underparts are white, with a weak brown breast band.

Measurements (From Rasmussen and Anderton): length 310 mm 390–580 mm (breeding) Wing (with extension of primary) 190–244 mm (adults) 168–228 mm (juveniles) Bill 23–30 mm Tarsus 45–58 mm Tail 194–376 mm (breeding) 110–117 mm (non breeding)

Length: 58 cm
Wingspan:
Weight: 113 - 135 g
Longevity:
Distinctive Feature

• Non-breeding adult lacks the long tail. White underparts, except for a brown breast band and neck stripe. The side of the neck is golden.
Similar Species



From opus at www.birdforum.net
Female / Male / Juvenile



From opus at www.birdforum.net


Breeding
These jacanas breed on floating vegetation from March to July. In southern India, it breeds in the monsoon season, June–september. They are polyandrous and a female may lay up to 10 clutches. Four black-marked brown eggs are laid in the floating nests.

Habits
The Pheasant-tailed Jacana's main sources of food are insects and other invertebrates picked from the floating vegetation or the water's surface.

Their call is a mewing me-onp and a nasal teeun.

Listen to the Pheasant-tailed Jacana

Remarks from the Recordist

Calls from one of the pair in XC190862 (The song record below) flushing in front of me.



Remarks from the Recordist

Natural vocalization; song from one of a pair of birds on a large marshy lake.

www.xeno-canto.org

Conservation status
Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Hydrophasianus chirurgus, นกอีแจว
Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2.
International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

www.birdforum.net


Sighted: (Date of first photo that I could use) 21st of December 2015
Location: Red lotus Sea in Udon Thani


Visit Nick Upton at www.thaibirding.com for HOT birding tips for sites around Bangkok and Thailand. There are reviews of the birding sites with maps and information.

And if you like Nick Upton's web page you will also like www.norththailandbirding.com I have used this page together with Nick Upton's page when planning my birding tours. Excellent reviews and information about the birding sites.

I also got the Thai names of the birds from www.norththailandbirding.com. There is a bird check list with all the names in English and Thai. And of course also the Scientific Name. Down load the birdlist in Microsoft Excel format at www.norththailandbirding.com Or down load the Excel sheet by clicking HERE

And my new aid, maybe, and I say maybe the best aid. I brought my mobile phone as my SIM card have stopped working and I tried to get it to work again so I can use the internet. Thus I had my phone in my pocket on my first game drive in Jim Corbett National Park.

We saw a bird and I asked my Guide and the driver if they had a pen and a paper as I had forgot my pen and paper in my room. I remembered my LG phone and I recorded the name. And thus I will always bring my phone. Writing the name in the car and I have found more than once that it can be hard to read what I had wrote when I'm back in my room.

So now I always have my mobile in my pocket and it has been a great help. And from November 2018 I use eBird. Bird watching in U.A.E and Oman and my guide in Dubai recommended eBird and I have used the app since then and I note every bird I can identify in my eBird app.

Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Hydrophasianus chirurgus, นกอีแจว
Pheasant-tailed Jacana / นกอีแจว - 21 December 2015 - Red Lotus Sea in Udon Thani

Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Hydrophasianus chirurgus, นกอีแจว
Pheasant-tailed Jacana / นกอีแจว - 21 December 2015 - Red Lotus Sea in Udon Thani

Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Hydrophasianus chirurgus, นกอีแจว
Pheasant-tailed Jacana / นกอีแจว - 4 May 2020 - Lat Krabang, Bangkok

Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Hydrophasianus chirurgus, นกอีแจว
Pheasant-tailed Jacana / นกอีแจว - 4 May 2020 - Lat Krabang, Bangkok


PLEASE! If I have made any mistakes identifying any bird, PLEASE let me know on my guestbook



       
                  



                                       
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