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Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว

The Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis) is a member of the cormorant family. It is found mainly along the inland waters of the Indian Subcontinent but extending west to Sind and east to Thailand and Cambodia. It is a gregarious species that can be easily distinguished from the similar sized little cormorant by its blue eye, small head with a sloping forehead and a long narrow bill ending in a hooked tip.

Habitat and distribution
This cormorant fishes gregariously in inland rivers or large wetlands of peninsular India and northern part of Sri Lanka. It also occurs in estuaries and mangroves but not on the open coast. They breed very locally in mixed species breeding colonies. They extend north-east to Assam and eastward into Thailand, Burma and Cambodia.

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว

Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
Range map from www.oiseaux.net - Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
www.oiseaux.net is one of those MUST visit pages if you're in to bird watching. You can find just about everything there

Description
This medium-sized bronze brown cormorant is scalloped in black on the upper plumage, lacks a crest and has a small and slightly peaked head with a long narrow bill that ends in a hooked tip. The eye is blue and bare yellow facial skin during the non-breeding season. Breeding birds have a short white ear tuft.

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant in breeding plumage
Bang Khaem Fish Ponds, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand - August 2020


In some plumages it has a white throat but the white is restricted below the gape unlike in the much larger great cormorant. Sexes are similar, but non-breeding adults and juveniles are browner.

Length: 63 cm
Wingspan:
Weight: 600 - 790 g
Longevity:
Distinctive Feature

Similar Species



From opus at www.birdforum.net
Female / Male / Juvenile

• Sexes are similar; non-breeding adults and juveniles are browner and lack the neck plumes.

From opus at www.birdforum.net


Listen to the Indian Cormorant

www.xeno-canto.org

Behaviour
The breeding season is July to February but depends on rainfall and water conditions. In northern India, they breed from July to February and in Sri Lanka, between November and February. The nest is a platform of twigs placed in the forks of partially submerged trees or those growing on islands.

The nests are placed in close proximity to those of other Indian Cormorants, storks or waterbirds in dense colonies, often with several tiers of nests. The usual clutch is three to five eggs which are bluish green and with a chalky surface.

The Indian Cormorant makes short dives to capture fish and a group will often fish communally, forming a broad front to drive fish into a corner.

An echinostomatid parasite has been described from Sindh from this species.

Conservation status
Conservation status
Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

www.birdforum.net


Sighted: (Date of first photo that I could use) 6 June 2020
Location: Mahachai Mangrove Forest Learning & Development Center, Mahachai


Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag / นกกาน้ำปากยาว
6 June 2020 - Mahachai Mangrove Forest Learning & Development Center, Mahachai

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag / นกกาน้ำปากยาว
6 June 2020 - Mahachai Mangrove Forest Learning & Development Center, Mahachai

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag / นกกาน้ำปากยาว
6 June 2020 - Mahachai Mangrove Forest Learning & Development Center, Mahachai

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag / นกกาน้ำปากยาว
6 June 2020 - Samut Maneerat salt pans, Mahachai

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag / นกกาน้ำปากยาว
6 June 2020 - Samut Maneerat salt pans, Mahachai

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag / นกกาน้ำปากยาว
6 June 2020 - Samut Maneerat salt pans, Mahachai

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag / นกกาน้ำปากยาว - 23 August 2020
eBird hotspot: Bang Khaem Fish Ponds, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag / นกกาน้ำปากยาว - 23 August 2020
eBird hotspot: Bang Khaem Fish Ponds, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand

Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis, นกกาน้ำปากยาว
Indian Cormorant or Indian Shag / นกกาน้ำปากยาว - 23 August 2020
eBird hotspot: Bang Khaem Fish Ponds, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand



PLEASE! If I have made any mistakes identifying any bird, PLEASE let me know on my guestbook



       
                  



                                       
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