PLEASE! If you see any mistakes, I'm 100% sure that I have wrongly identified some birds.
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Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา

The common iora (Aegithina tiphia) is a small passerine bird found across the tropical Indian subcontinent with populations showing plumage variations, some of which are designated as subspecies. A species found in scrub and forest, it is easily detected from its loud whistles and the bright colours. During the breeding season, males display by fluffing up their feathers and spiral in the air appearing like a green, black, yellow and white ball.

Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา

Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
Range map from www.oiseaux.net - Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
www.oiseaux.net is one of those MUST visit pages if you're in to bird watching. You can find just about everything there

Description
Ioras have a pointed and notched beak with a culmen that is straight. The common iora is sexually dimorphic, males in the breeding season have a black cap and back adding to a black wing and tail at all seasons. Females have greenish wings and an olive tail. The undersides of both are yellow and the two white bars on the wings of the male are particularly prominent in their breeding plumage.

The males in breeding plumage have a very variable distribution of the black on the upperparts and can be confused with Marshall's iora, however, the latter always has white tips to the tail.

The nominate subspecies is found along the Himalayas and males of this population are very similar to females or have only a small amount of black on the crown. In northwestern India, septentrionalis is brighter yellow than others and in the northern plains of India humei males in breeding plumage have a black cap and olive on the upper mantle.

In southwestern India and Sri Lanka multicolor has the breeding males with a jet black cap and mantle.

The forms in the rest of southern India are intermediate between multicolor and humei with more grey-green on the rump (formerly considered as deignani but now used for the Burmese population).

Several other populations across Southeast Asia are designated as subspecies including philipi of southern China and northern Thailand/Laos, deignani of Myanmar, horizoptera of southern Myanmar and the island chain of Sumatra, cambodiana of Cambodia, aeqanimis of Palawan and northern Borneo, viridis of Borneo and scapularis of Java and Bali

Behaviour and ecology
Ioras forage in trees in small groups, gleaning among the branches for insects. They sometimes join mixed species feeding flocks. The call is a mixture of churrs, chattering and whistles, and the song is a trilled wheeeee-tee. They may sometimes imitate the calls of other birds such as drongos.

Forage

verb [no OBJ.] (of a person or animal) search widely for food or provisions: gulls are equipped by nature to forage for food.
• [with OBJ.] obtain (food or provisions): a girl foraging grass for oxen.
• [with OBJ.] obtain food or provisions from (a place).
• [with OBJ.] archaic supply (an animal or person) with food.

noun
1 [MASS NOUN] bulky food such as grass or hay for horses and cattle; fodder.
2 [in SING.] a wide search over an area in order to obtain something, especially food or provisions: the nightly forage produces things which can be sold.


During the breeding season, mainly after the monsoons, the male performs an acrobatic courtship display, darting up into the air fluffing up all his feathers, especially those on the pale green rump, then spiralling down to the original perch. Once he lands, he spreads his tail and droops his wings.

Two to four greenish white eggs are laid in a small and compact cup-shaped nest made out of grass and bound with cobwebs and placed in the fork of a tree. Both male and female incubate[9] and eggs hatch after about 14 days. Nests predators include snakes, lizards, crow-pheasant and crows. Nests may also be brood-parasitized by the banded bay cuckoo.

Ioras moult twice in a year and the plumage variation makes them somewhat complicated for plumage based separation of the populations.

A species of Haemoproteus, H. aethiginae, was described from a specimen of the common iora from Goa.

Listen to the Common iora




A video I took 26 June 2017 - Taman Tasik Ampang Hilir, Kuala Lumpur


Conservation status
Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา
Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2.
International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

www.birdforum.net


Sighted: (Date of first photo that I could use) 29 January 2017
Location: Banjakitti Park, Bangkok


Visit Nick Upton at www.thaibirding.com for HOT birding tips for sites around Bangkok and Thailand. There are reviews of the birding sites with maps and information.

And if you like Nick Upton's web page you will also like www.norththailandbirding.com I have used this page together with Nick Upton's page when planning my birding tours. Excellent reviews and information about the birding sites.

I also got the Thai names of the birds from www.norththailandbirding.com. There is a bird check list with all the names in English and Thai. And of course also the Scientific Name. Down load the birdlist in Microsoft Excel format at www.norththailandbirding.com Or down load the Excel sheet by clicking HERE

PLEASE! As I'm a first time birdwatcher bear in mind that some of the bird can be wrongly named. I have bought book and I confirm on the internet to get the right identity on the birds I take pictures off. But there can still be mistakes.


Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา
Common iora - Aegithina tiphia - นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา - uary 2017 - Bejakitti Park, Bangkok

Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา
Common iora - Aegithina tiphia - นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา - 29 January 2017 - Bejakitti Park, Bangkok

Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา
"Common iora / นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา - 29 January 2017 - Bejakitti Park, Bangkok

Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา
"Common iora / นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา - 29 January 2017 - Bejakitti Park, Bangkok

Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา
"Common iora / นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา - 29 January 2017 - Bejakitti Park, Bangkok

Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา
"Common iora / นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา - 8 June 2017 - Huai Tueng Thao, Chiang Mai

Common iora, Aegithina tiphia, นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา
"Common iora / นกขมิ้นน้อยธรรมดา - 10 June 2019 - Bejakitti Park, Bangkok



PLEASE! If I have made any mistakes identifying any bird, PLEASE let me know on my guestbook



       
                  



                                       
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