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Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla, นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ

The chestnut munia (Lonchura atricapilla), formerly considered as a subspecies of the tricolored munia, is also known as black-headed munia.It is a small passerine bird. This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Burma, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam and Hawaii.

Before 1995, it was the national bird of the Philippines, where it is known as mayang pula ("red maya") because of its brick red patch on the lower back which is visible only when it flies. (This distinguishes it from other birds locally called maya, notably the predominantly brownish "mayang simbahan" (tree sparrow) which is more common in urban areas.)

Habitat
The chestnut munia is a small gregarious bird which feeds mainly on grain and other seeds. It frequents open grassland and cultivation. The nest is a large domed grass structure in a bush or tall grass into which 4-7 white eggs are laid.

Range map from www.oiseaux.net

Range map from www.oiseaux.net - Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
www.oiseaux.net is one of those MUST visit pages if you're in to bird watching. You can find just about everything there


Characteristics
The chestnut munia is 11–12 cm in length. The adult has a stubby pale grey-blue bill, black head, and brown body, with a brick red patch on the lower back, visible only when it flies. Some races also have a black belly.

The sexes are similar, but immature birds have uniform pale brown upperparts, lack the dark head and have white to pale buff underparts.

Length: 11 - 12 cm
Wingspan:
Weight:
Longevity:
Distinctive Feature

Similar Species

• Juvenile Scaly-breasted Munia has a black bill, not pale gray or blue-gray.

From opus at www.birdforum.net
Female / Male / Juvenile

• Sexes similar

Juvenile
• Pale brown above
• Pale underparts

From opus at www.birdforum.net


Listen to the Chestnut Munia

www.xeno-canto.org


National bird of the Philippines until 1995
The black-headed munia was the national bird of the Philippines until 1995, when that honorific was transferred to the Philippine eagle. There, due to urbanization and the resulting lack of awareness of local species, it is nowadays often confused for the Eurasian Tree Sparrow because that species, one of several also categorized as "maya" in the Philippines, is much more common in the urban areas.

Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla, นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ
Adult
By Internet Archive Book Images - https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/14750250052/
Source book page: https://archive.org/stream/monographofweave00bartle/monographofweave00bartle#page/n257/mode/1up


Subspecies
The chestnut munia has several subspecies that are recognized as followed:

• Lonchura atricapilla atricapilla

• Lonchura atricapilla rubroniger

• Lonchura atricapilla sinensis

• Lonchura atricapilla formosana

• Lonchura atricapilla deignani

• Lonchura atricapilla brunneiceps

• Lonchura atricapilla jagori

• Lonchura atricapilla selimbauensis

• Lonchura atricapilla obscura

• Lonchura atricapilla batakana


Conservation status
Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla, นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ
Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2.
International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

www.birdforum.net


Sighted: 4 May 2020
Location: Khlong Tamru Mangrove Education Center & vicinity, Chonburi


Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla, นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ
Chestnut Munia / นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ - 4 May 2020
Khlong Tamru Mangrove Education Center & vicinity, Chonburi

Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla, นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ
Chestnut Munia / นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ - 6 June 2020
Mahachai Mangrove Forest Learning & Development Center, Mahachai

Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla, นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ
Chestnut Munia / นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ
9 June 2020 - Nong Pla Lai paddies, Phetchaburi

Chestnut Munia, Lonchura atricapilla, นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ
Chestnut Munia / นกกระติ๊ดสีอิฐ
9 June 2020 - Nong Pla Lai paddies, Phetchaburi



PLEASE! If I have made any mistakes identifying any bird, PLEASE let me know on my guestbook



       
                  



                                       
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