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Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง

The Asian Golden Weaver (Ploceus hypoxanthus) is a species of bird in the family Ploceidae. It is found in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, swamps, and arable land. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Historical background
The Asian Golden Weaver was initially named and discovered by Anders Erikson Sparrman, a Swedish naturalist. Although Sparrman sailed around the world with James Cook, starting from Cape Town, on Cook's second expedition to the Pacific (1772–1775), they did not visit islands as far north as Sumatra. After the voyage Sparrman returned to Cape Town in July 1775 and practiced medicine.

In 1776 he returned to Sweden and published a Catalogue of the Museum Carlsonianum (1786–89), in which he described many of the specimens he had collected in South Africa and the South Pacific, some of which were new to science. As a result, he wrote a Latin description of the Asian Golden Weaver.

Distribution
There are two distinct subspecies of the Asian golden weaver, and these include the P. h. hypoxanthus, found in Indonesia: eastern Sumatra and western Java, and the P. h. hymenaicus, found in Myanmar (including Tenasserim), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and southern Vietnam This subspecies has the feathers of the mantle fringed with a more greenish yellow, and has the upper breast more strongly suffused with raw sienna.

The Asian Golden Weaver was formerly more ordinary in the areas of Java and Sumatra, but it is now localized and considered rare in today's age. Its population is showing a continued decline throughout its range as wetlands are converted to agriculture. There is also direct persecution and capture of these weavers for the bird trade, and colonies are often robbed and destroyed by people. The oldest bird is 11 years of age.

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง

Range map from www.oiseaux.net - Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
www.oiseaux.net is one of those MUST visit pages if you're in to bird watching. You can find just about everything there

Description
The breeding male is generally bright yellow with a black mask (diagnostic in Asia). Females, non-breeding males and young birds are dull coloured and difficult to distinguish from the Baya Weaver, with their thicker bills being the only thing that sets them apart. In general, Asian golden weavers are considered medium-sized birds with yellow and black upperparts, along with yellow underparts. They possess a black face, yellow crown, a strong black bill, and have an average length of 22 centimeters.

Length: 15 cm
Wingspan:
Weight:
Longevity:
Distinctive Feature

Similar Species



From opus at www.birdforum.net
Female / Male / Juvenile



From opus at www.birdforum.net


Female VS Male

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Female
Bang Yai garbage dump and wetlands, Nonthaburi, Thailand - August 2020

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male
Praek Nam Daeng, Samut Songkhram, Thailand - May 2020



Listen to the Asian Golden Weaver


Remarks from the Recordist

Recorded with my ZOOM H5 Handy Recorder. High Pass Filter applied with Audacity

Sitting in a samll tree in the corner of the field with about 10 Asian Golden Weaver nests. The birds flew in and out between the tree and the field.


Remarks from the Recordist

Recorded with my ZOOM H5 Handy Recorder. High Pass Filter applied with Audacity

Sitting in a samll tree in the corner of the field with about 10 Asian Golden Weaver nests. The birds flew in and out between the tree and the field

Same bird as XC562296

www.xeno-canto.org

Behavior and ecology
Asian golden weavers are primarily presumed residents, meaning they are often found in their most comfortable locations. The most common habitats of the Asian golden weaver would include the lowlands, usually those with a close proximity to water; some of these areas would involve marshes, rice paddies, flooded grasslands, and swamps. In addition, this weaver feeds mainly on seeds, and during breeding, insects usually account for only 7% of their diet.

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver feeding
Praek Nam Daeng, Samut Songkhram, Thailand - May 2020

Breeding and nesting
It is widely believed that the Asian Golden Weaver is monogamous, with some rare cases of polygamy. It breeds in small colonies, and the nest is initially created by the male, and completed with assistance of the female. The nest is a rounded structure with a side entrance, and woven from thin strips of grass or palm leaves.

Nests are firmly attached to vegetation over water or very swampy ground, often less than 1m above the surface, usually in reeds or bulrushes. Sometimes nests are placed in trees or shrubs, and then higher than 2 m above the ground. There are several records of nests built close to hornet nests or near biting ants.

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male, and we can see that he have started to build the nest
Praek Nam Daeng, Samut Songkhram, Thailand - May 2020

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Asian Golden Weaver nest
Bang Khaem fish ponds, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand - August 2020

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Female Asian Golden Weaver attending babies in nest
Bang Khaem fish ponds, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand - August 2020

The average clutch size ranges from two to three eggs, and these eggs often have a greyish-white color. While being grown, the eggs can also grow to an average size of 188 mm by 13.5 mm. Incubation is done by the female only, and upon hatching, the chicks are fed mainly by the female, with occasional assistance by the male.

Conservation status
Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

www.birdforum.net


Sighted: (Date of first photo that I could use) 24 April 2020
Location: Khlong Tamru Salt Pans, Chonburi


Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 24 April 2020 - Khlong Tamru Salt Pans, Chonburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 24 April 2020 - Khlong Tamru Salt Pans, Chonburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 24 April 2020 - Khlong Tamru Salt Pans, Chonburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 1 May 2020 - Hat Chao Samran, Petchaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 1 May 2020 - Hat Chao Samran, Petchaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Female Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
1 May 2020 - Praek Nam Daeng, Samut Songkhram

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Female Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 4 May 2020
Khlong Tamru Mangrove Education Center & vicinity, Chonburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Female Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 4 May 2020
Khlong Tamru Mangrove Education Center & vicinity, Chonburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 15 May 2020 - Lat Krabang, Bangkok

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
25 May 2020 - Praek Nam Daeng, Samut Songkhram

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
25 May 2020 - Praek Nam Daeng, Samut Songkhram

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
9 June 2020 - Nong Pla Lai paddies, Phetchaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
9 June 2020 - Nong Pla Lai paddies, Phetchaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Female Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
16 June 2020 - Ban Khum fish ponds and paddies, Phetchaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Female Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
16 June 2020 - Ban Khum fish ponds and paddies, Phetchaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
16 June 2020 - Ban Khum fish ponds and paddies, Phetchaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
16 June 2020 - Ban Khum fish ponds and paddies, Phetchaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง
16 June 2020 - Ban Khum fish ponds and paddies, Phetchaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 27 July 2020
eBird hotspot: Mahasawat WTP, Bangkok

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 27 July 2020
eBird hotspot: Mahasawat WTP, Bangkok

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Female Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 27 July 2020
eBird hotspot: Bang Yai garbage dump and wetlands, Nonthaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Female Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 27 July 2020
eBird hotspot: Bang Yai garbage dump and wetlands, Nonthaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 27 July 2020
eBird hotspot: Bang Yai garbage dump and wetlands, Nonthaburi

Asian Golden Weaver, Ploceus hypoxanthus, นกกระจาบทอง
Male Asian Golden Weaver / นกกระจาบทอง - 27 July 2020
eBird hotspot: Bang Yai garbage dump and wetlands, Nonthaburi



PLEASE! If I have made any mistakes identifying any bird, PLEASE let me know on my guestbook



       
                  



                                       
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