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Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง

The olive-backed sunbird (Cinnyris jugularis), also known as the yellow-bellied sunbird, is a southern Far Eastern species of sunbird.

Distribution and habitat
The olive-backed sunbird is common across southern China and Southeast Asia to Queensland and the Solomon Islands. Originally from mangrove habitat, the olive-backed sunbird has adapted well to humans, and is now common even in fairly densely populated areas, even forming their nests in human dwellings.

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง

Range map from www.oiseaux.net - Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
www.oiseaux.net is one of those MUST visit pages if you're in to bird watching. You can find just about everything there

Taxonomy
In 1760 the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson included a description of the olive-backed sunbird in his Ornithologie based on a specimen collected in the Philippines. He used the French name Le petit grampereau des Philippines and the Latin Certhia Philippensis Minor. Although Brisson coined Latin names, these do not conform to the binomial system and are not recognised by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.

When in 1766 the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus updated his Systema Naturae for the twelfth edition, he added 240 species that had been previously described by Brisson. One of these was the olive-backed sunbird.

Linnaeus included a brief description, coined the binomial name Certhia jugularis and cited Brisson's work. The specific name jugularis is Medieval Latin for "of the throat".

This species is now placed in the genus Cinnyris that was introduced by the French naturalist Georges Cuvier in 1816. There are 21 subspecies.

Description
They are small songbirds, at most 12 cm long. In most subspecies, the underparts of both male and female are bright yellow, the backs are a dull brown colour. The forehead, throat and upper breast of the adult male is a dark, metallic blue-black.

In the Philippines the males of some subspecies have an orange band on the chest, in Wallacea and northern New Guinea some subspecies have most of the underparts blackish, and in southern China and adjacent parts of Vietnam most of the underparts of the male are greyish-white.

Listen to the Olive-backed Sunbird



Behaviour

Breeding
The birds mate between the months of April and August in the Northern Hemisphere, and between August and January in the Southern Hemisphere. Both the male and the female assist in building the nest which is flask-shaped, with an overhanging porch at the entrance, and a trail of hanging material at the bottom end.

After building the nest, the birds abandon the nest for about a week before the female returns to lay one or two greenish-blue eggs. The eggs take a further week to hatch. The female may leave the nest for short periods during the day during incubation. After the chicks have hatched, both male and female assist in the care of the young, which leave the nest about two or three weeks later.

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird feeding in Singapore Botanical Garden
August 2018

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird feeding in Singapore Botanical Garden
August 2018


Feeding
The sunbirds are a group of very small Old World passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Their flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering, but usually perch to feed most of the time.

Male Olive-backed Sunbird feeding in Singapore Botanical Garden
August 2018
And yes, I know, I need more practice with my video camera. But it is already better than when I bought it 1 week ago


Conservation status
Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

www.birdforum.net


Sighted: (Date of first photo that I could use) 4 November 2017
Location: Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve


Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Female Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Female Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 31 August 2018 - Botanical Garden

Olive-backed Sunbird, Cinnyris jugularis, นกกินปลีอกเหลือง
Male Olive-backed Sunbird - นกกินปลีอกเหลือง - 3 September 2018 - Botanical Garden



PLEASE! If I have made any mistakes identifying any bird, PLEASE let me know on my guestbook



       
                  



                                       

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