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The Yellow-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier), or Eastern Yellow-vented Bulbul, is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is resident breeder in southeastern Asia from Indochina to the Philippines. It is found in a wide variety of open habitats, but not deep forest. It is one of the most common birds in cultivated areas. They appear to be nomadic, roaming from place to place regularly.
Range map from www.oiseaux.net - Ornithological Portal Oiseaux.net
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Taxonomy and systematics
The Yellow-vented Bulbul was originally classified in the genus Muscicapa.
Six subspecies are recognized:
• P. g. jambu - Deignan, 1955: Found from southern Myanmar to southern Indochina
• P. g. analis - (Horsfield, 1821): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Turdus. Found on Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and nearby islands, Java, Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa
• P. g. gourdini - Gray, GR, 1847: Originally described as a separate species in the genus Ixos. Found on Borneo, Maratua and Karimunjava Islands
• P. g. goiavier - (Scopoli, 1786): Found in northern and north-central Philippines
• P. g. samarensis - Rand & Rabor, 1960: Found in central Philippines
• P. g. suluensis - Mearns, 1909: Found in southern Philippines
Behaviour and ecology
The Yellow-vented Bulbul builds a well-camouflaged but fragile, loose, deep, cup-shaped nest from grass, leaves, roots, vine stems, and twigs. The nest is untidy on the outside, but it is neatly lined with plant fibers. It may be built in a wide range of places from low bushes to high trees. This is a species adapted to humans and may even nest in gardens. The Yellow-vented Bulbul lays 2–5 eggs in February to June.
The Yellow-vented Bulbuls eats berries and small fruits. They also sip nectar, nibble on young shoots, and take some insects.